Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus is a class of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood sugar (glucose), either due to the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the body cells do not respond properly to the insulin. The symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar level is elevated. Examples of high blood sugar are frequent urination; weight loss, blurred vision, slow healing sores, fatigue, and an increased in both thirst and hunger.
Both glucose and insulin plays important roles in what causes the three types of diabetes: * Insulin is a hormone that is produced by beta cells within the pancreas which helps lower the amount of sugar in your bloodstream. When your blood sugar level decreases, your insulin from pancreas drops as well.
* Glucose is an essential nutrient that provides energy for the proper functioning of the body’s cells, which comes from food and your liver.
The three types of diabetes are:
1. Type 1 – the body does not produce enough insulin. Factors that contribute to genetics and exposure to certain viruses generally occur during childhood or adolescence.
2. Type 2 – is insulin resistance, when enough insulin is not produce for proper bodily function. The type 2 diabetes is the most common out of the three; people who are overweight or obese are at a much higher risk of developing it compared to those with a healthy body weight.
3. Gestational diabetes occurs for women during pregnancy who have an extreme high level of glucose in their blood and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport the glucose into their cells properly.
Maintaining a healthy weight and eating healthy are important factors you can do to lower your risk for diabetes. It may seem difficult due to budget and time, but you have to take into account the long-term effects you will have on your body by not following a nutritious lifestyle.
Here are a few suggestions you can take to prevent your risk of developing diabetes:
* Eat more fruits and vegetables. Try to make your plate as colorful as possible to ensure you are receiving your daily dose of essential vitamins and minerals.
* Eat more beans and nuts.
* Drink 8-10 glasses or more of water a day.
* Reduce/eliminate your intake of high calorie and baked goods, high glycemic foods like rice, pasta, cereals and bread
* Include fish in your meal at least 2-3 times a week.
* Watch your portion sizes
* Cut back on adding unnecessary sodium and sugar to your foods. Substitute for healthier alternatives like, natural herbs, spices, honey and agave nectar.
If you notice any diabetes symptoms you should contact your doctor immediately. The earlier you see a physician, the sooner you can be treated.